Clinical Laboratory Services

A large number of laboratory tests are widely available to help doctors confirm their clinical findings and reach a diagnosis. Many tests are specialized for a particular group of diseases and a deviation from normal indicate that the organ is diseased. PrimaCare Speciality Clinic has a well-equipped laboratory that offers a broad spectrum of clinical testing designed to provide the specialists and the patients with the most accurate, precise and diagnostically indicative lab results. We use the most advanced technologies with the most sophisticated and high precision equipments.

Brief on Our Laboratory

  • ISO 15189 Accredited ( 2012)
  • Incorporating latest international standard technology & Equipment
  • International Standard Quality Control
  • Personalized Call
  • Fast Turn Around Time (TAT)
  • Home collection facilities
  • Committed to provide diagnostic pathological services through excellence, integrity, innovation, safety, accuracy & honesty
  • Haematology
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Serology
  • Histopathology
  • Cytology

At PrimaCare Speciality Clinic – Dubai , State-of-the-Art Laboratory equipped to handle investigations related to clinical pathology which comprise :

Haematology:

Haematology is the study of blood and blood forming tissues i.e the bone marrow. The techniques of haematology are concerned with the cellular ( RBC, WBC, Platelets) and non-cellular ( Plasma and its proteins) elements of blood, their number or concentration, the relative distribution of various types of cells and the structure or biochemical abnormalities that promote disease such as anemia, haematological malignancy and coagulation abnormalities. Various tests in Haematology are.

  • Complete Blood Count including TLC, DLC, etc.
    • Peripheral blood smear
    • Reticulocyte count
  • ESR
    • Coagulation study
    • Blood Banking ( ABO and Rh Blood Grouping )
    • Bone Marrow study (  Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy )

Clinical chemistry / Chemical Pathology:
It is the study of the chemical as well as cellular constituents of the human body in health and disease. Most tests are carried out on blood or urine but other body fluids, cells and tissues may also be analyzed. In this field  a wide range of tests are performed in order to diagnose various conditions. Some of the common tests in biochemistry are:

  • Blood Sugar
  • Liver Function Test
  • Lipid Profile
  • Kidney Function Tests
    • Urinanalysis
    • Semen analysis
    • Amniotic fluid study and Chorionic villus sampling
    • Other body fluid analysis

The automated machines allows us to serve our customer by performing :

  • Diagnostic panel
  • Pre-surgical panel
  • Recheck panel
  • Specialty Chemistry testing

Microbiology:

Laboratories are primarily concerned with providing a service to clinicians to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of microbial diseases such as meningitis, diseases of respiratory tract and  digestive system,  wound infections. Specimens commonly examined are blood, urine, faeces, sputum, throat swabs and CSF, synovial fluid.

Serology /Immunology:

Serology  test is performed to detect and measure the levels of antigens and antibodies as a result of exposure to a particular micro-organism ( bacteria, virus etc). When people are exposed to bacteria or viruses (antigens), their body’s immune system produces specific antibodies against the organism. Detection of these antigens and/or antibodies against a particular micro-organism helps the clinician to establish the diagnosis as well as to determine the severity of the disease by measuring Antibody levels (antibody titer)

Histopathology / Surgical pathology:

Histopathologyis the microscopic examination of biological tissues to observe the appearance ofdiseasedcells and tissuesin very fine detail.
The word "histopathology" is derived from a combination of three Greek words:

  • histos meaning tissue,
  • pathos meaning disease or suffering, and
  • logos meaning study.

Hence histopathology is the study of microscopic changes or abnormalities in tissues that are caused as a result of diseases. Histopathology Services :

  • Routine biopsy ( H&E)
  • Special Histochemical stains  like PAS, Sudan Black B stain, oil red O stain GMS, , EVG, Reticulin, Fontana – Masson , Trichrome stain , Giemsa, Zeihl – Neelson stain , Wade- Fite , Congo red, and   Perls’ iron stain.
  • Polarising microscopy
  • Immunohistochemistry offering a wide range of markers for typing of   tumors
  • Immunofluorescence for skin and renal biopsies
  • Frozen section for rapid perioperative diagnosis.
  • Microphotography

Cytology :

Cytology refers to a branch of pathology, the medical specialty that deals with making diagnoses of diseases and conditions through the examination cells derived from tissue samples of the body. Cytologic examinations may be performed on body fluids (examples are blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid) or on material that is aspirated (drawn out via negative suction into a syringe) from the body tissue. Cytology also can involve examinations of preparations that are obtained (by brushing, scrapping or irriagating with a sterile solution) from specific areas of the body. For intance, a common example of cytology study is the evaluation of cervical smears (referred to as the Papanicolaou test or Pap smear) which is a very useful and important diagnostic tool to detect cervical cancer at its very early stage.
Cytology Services

  • FNAC procedures
  • Routine PAP  smears
  • Cell blocks
  • Immunohistochemistry on cell blocks

Molecular Pathology:

Cytogenetics and Molecular genetics :
This involves sophisticated method and equipments, using blood and other cells to study the structure and function of a cell, i.e its DNA, chromosome and the genes and thus to get the cellular details at molecular level. This can be helpful in prenatal diagnosis (e.g.Down's syndrome) as well as in cancer (some cancers have abnormalchromosomes).Some of the important tests include :

  • Karyotyping ( G – banding and other banding )
  • Polymerase Chain reaction
  • Fluorescentin situhybridization(FISH)
  • Comparative genomic hybridization(CGH)